The growth of IoT – then and now. The Internet of things is perhaps one of the most important IT developments in recent times. We all now depend upon a variety of devices in our day-to-day lives. From waking up to a mobile alarm clock to playing music via saying (whisper it), ‘Alexa’, it is everywhere. But how did it start? How has it progressed? Where will it be in the future? Let’s see…
The Internet Of Things – Then
According to some, the first example of the internet of things in action came in the 1980’s in the form of a Coke Machine installed at Carnegie Mellon University.
This infographic from HQ Software provides a timeline of major events in the rise of IoT. The full term dates back to the 1990’s, and is accredited to the co-founder of MIT’s Auto-ID Centre, Kevin Ashton. His idea was based upon using RFID technology to connect devices. Nowadays, IoT primarily uses IP networking to relay information between devices.
Ashton’s RFID idea did not gain traction. Instead, the first internet-connected refrigerator was launched in 2000, using a LAN port for IP connectivity. This Wikipedia entry reveals more on that, and other devices followed throughout the 2000’s.
Some would argue that it really began to take off when Google began testing self-driving cars in 2009. A year later, China placed large emphasis on IoT as being key to tackle financial issues. The Global Standards Initiative was set up in 2015, and then Governments started thinking about IoT security in 2017.
IoT – Now
In 2019, there were 9.5 billion active IoT devices – a much higher number than initially predicted. In 2020, there were 12 billion IoT connections – more than non-IoT connections, such as laptops and computers.
IoT is now common for all types of devices to connect to the internet, from thermostats to cars. This is due to many factors, including the expansion of networking capabilities. Perhaps the most crucial factor has been the growth of the cloud. Offering low costs and huge storage availability via cloud servers, IoT devices have subsequently become far cheaper.
What Now For The Growth Of IoT?
This article from Forbes offers the 5 biggest IoT trends to look out for in 2021. There is no doubt that the Covid-19 pandemic has helped to augment growth in this area. Contact-free IT solutions have been far higher up on tech innovators’ to do lists. At theICEway, we have developed fit2go, aimed at digitalising health data collection and analysis. We asked our experts for their take on some items from the Forbes list:- Working from home will be more productive
- Retailers will use IoT to improve in-store experiences
Head of sales Owen on WFH: “It has become the norm for so many people over the last 18 months. Therefore, technology aimed at improving that is definitely being prioritised. Improvements will continue, and I think most are feeling the benefits of more robust communication platforms.”
Freddy, Client Liaison and Training Coordinator, on retail changes: “I definitely think that automated supermarkets are coming. At the start of the pandemic, so many retailers were hit hard by store closures. Having online facilities is important, but so too is the in-store experience. It is therefore a must for companies to implement more contact-free payment methods, for example.”